Retirement planning can be a minefield. Not only do you need to start thinking about lifestyle changes but preparing for a sound financial Retirement is challenging. These tips on Tax and Retirement will make things less challenging.
Research shows that most people start thinking about their retirement only as from the age of 50, but if you want to maximise your income and minimise your Tax in retirement, you are advised to start planning well before you retire. A further study has shown that only 6% of South Africans can RETIRE comfortably – surely my question is: what’s happening to the rest – dependant on their family, social grants, government?
“The impact of taxes is just as important to consider now as it was when saving for retirement,” The good news is that at retirement there may be more options to increase your after-tax income.”
The South African Revenue Service along with the government has over the years adjusted tax regulations to benefit retirees. How to take advantage of the tax breaks SARS has implemented.
Tips on Tax and Retirement
Individuals under the age of 65 years are entitled to a local interest exemption of R23 800 per tax year. For example, if you earned a local interest of R50 000 during the 2019 tax year, the first R23 800 would be exempt and only the remaining R26,200 would be subject to Income Tax.
Once a taxpayer turns 65 the exemption amount increases to R34 500. In other words, a person over 65 can, therefore, receive an interest of R2 875 per month tax-free (not including personal tax rebates).
When you withdraw your lump sum from your pension/retirement annuity fund or provident fund on retirement, it may be wise to take some of the funds and invest this in an interest-bearing account to utilise the interest exemption. In this way, you can maximize your tax-free income after retirement.
Increased Tax threshold
In the 2019 tax year, the tax threshold for individuals younger than 65 is R78 150. This means that if an individual has a taxable income of R78 150 or less then they will not pay any Income Tax. However, for individuals who are 65 years and older, this threshold increases to R121 000. This individual can, therefore, receive income of R10 083 per month and will not pay any Income Tax.
Furthermore, once a person reaches the age of 75 years and older, the threshold increases further to R135 300 (R11 275 per month).
Additional Medical Tax credit
Individuals over the age of 65 are entitled to additional medical expenses tax credit. This is calculated on a portion of the expenses that have been incurred but have not been covered/paid by the individual’s medical aid, i.e. they paid for the expenses themselves. Expenses such as doctors’ fees, medicine, optometrist fees, physiotherapist fees, nursing assistant fees, and hospital fees may be claimed.
Other factors to consider:
Monthly withdrawal from an Investment portfolio
One of the best sources of income in retirement is withdrawing an income from your existing unit trust investment portfolio. Many taxpayers are not aware that SARS does not see these withdrawals as taxable income. For example, if you withdrew a monthly sum of R25 000 from your unit trust portfolio, the R25 000 is not included in your taxable income. You may be liable for Income tax on the capital gains, dividends, or interest you receive from the portfolio; however, the tax on these is normally lower than what you would be taxed on ordinary income of R300 000 (R25 000 x 12) due to the available exemptions on these ‘passive’ incomes.
Tax-free Investments (TFIS Savings)
Another source of tax-free income in retirement is to draw from a tax-free savings account. SARS introduced these accounts in 2015 to encourage more South African taxpayers to start saving. Currently, you can invest a maximum of R33 000 per tax year and a total over your lifetime of R500 000. Any interest earned will not be subject to Income Tax.
Donations to a spouse
Donations between spouses are exempt from donations tax under section 56(1)(b) of the Income Tax Act. Despite the fact that this exemption is very useful when restructuring one’s personal estate and the resultant Estate Duty, many taxpayers are unaware of it.
Paying less by giving more
The estate of a deceased person is subject to 20% Estate Duty on the first R30 million of the dutiable amount of an estate and 25% on the amount exceeding that figure, after taking into account a deduction of R3.5 million against the net value of the estate. However, there are various deductions that can be used to reduce your Estate Duty. For example, the value of the deceased’s estate (and, therefore, the extent of the obligation to pay Estate Duty) may be reduced by the value of any bequest made to a PBO or PBO-registered charity.
Choosing when to make withdrawals from your various investments in retirement could have adverse tax implications if not done in the correct manner or order. It is important to take the time to think about taxes and make a plan to manage withdrawals. Be sure to consult with a Tax and or Financial Advisor to determine the course of action that makes financial sense for you.
I look forward to hearing from you to see how best I can assist you with your Tax and Retirement planning Needs.